Sunburn happens when the amount of exposure to the sun exceeds the ability of the body to protect the skin. Symptoms of sunburn are painful red skin, swelling, and blisters. Several days after sunburn, may happen skin peeling in the burned areas accompanied by some itching. Plus, the sunburned areas are more susceptible to premature aging and skin cancer. More prone to sunburns are those with fair skin and light-colored hair.
Additionally, there are sunburn treatments that can treat or ease the discomfort of the sunburn:
- A cold compress to the affected areas.
- Aspirin can relieve sunburn discomfort and inflammation.
- A cooling gel or aloe vera can heal the sunburned area.
Most people's skin will burn if there is enough exposure to UV radiation. However, some people burn particularly easily or develop exaggerated skin reactions to sunlight. This condition is called photosensitivity or most commonly known as sun allergy. The amount of exposure required to cause a reaction varies from person to person. Symptoms of photosensitivity include a pink or red skin rash with blotchy blisters, scaly patches, or raised spots on areas directly exposed to the sun. Itching and burning may occur and the rash may last for several days.
So, to protect the skin from the sun, everyone should consider these tips:
- Avoid the sun during between 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.
- Wear clothes that will offer more sun protection and wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.
- Avoid deliberate sunbathing, including tanning beds.
- Always use a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF with a physical blocker such as zinc oxide, even when it is cloudy.